After Chandrayaan-2, ISRO plans mission for the Sun in 2020

Indian Space Research Organization shows its Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle MkIII-M1 at its launch pad in Sriharikota an island off India's south-eastern coast. India’s space agency says

"This mission will offer new knowledge about the moon", he added, praising Isro scientists who tweaked Chandrayaan-2's orbit and trajectory to ensure it keeps its original date with the moon despite the launch delay. It carried an orbiter, a lander and a rover nearly entirely designed and made in India.

Shah Rukh, who essayed the role of a NASA project manager in 2004 film Swades, took to Twitter to laud ISRO for its achievement.

With light rain falling on the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota, an island off the coast of southern Andhra Pradesh state, President Ram Nath Kovind joined 7,000 dignitaries and flag-waving school children waiting for the launch. With this, Chandrayaan-2 began its historic 48-day journey to the south pole of the Moon, where it will begin its quest for water.

The lander and the rover are expected to touch down near the Lunar South Pole in early September, becoming the first ever spacecraft to land in that region.

India launched its domestic space program 50 years ago and had to develop its own technology and rocket after Western powers levied sanctions in response to a 1974 nuclear weapons test.

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Filmmaker Karan Johar said he is proud that the mission is spearheaded by two women - Muthayya Vanitha and Ritu Karidhal. Otherwise, the lander could crash into the lunar surface.

The South Asian nation is bidding to become just the fourth nation - after Russian Federation, the United States and China - to land a spacecraft on the Moon. Israel attempted to become the fourth country to achieve this in April, but its spacecraft crashed. Chandrayaan-2, which was ISRO's second Moon mission, was the organisation's most complicated yet.

Aditya-L1 is meant to observe the corona, which are the outer layers of the Sun, extending to thousands of kilometres. The mission comes 11 years after Chandrayaan-1, which was launched on October 22, 2008 and orbited the moon at a height of 100km from the lunar surface for chemical, mineralogical and photo-geologic mapping. The Prime Minister has announced a manned space mission by 2022. According to ISRO, weighing around 640 tons, the rocket GSLV-Mk-III is 44 meters long or as tall as a 15-storey building. As Chandrayaan-2, India's second lunar mission took off, she jumped up, clapping, a bright smile lighting up her face. "If the take-off had got delayed by even a minute, due to any reason, it would have lost the current launch window and would not have been able to put the satellite into the intended orbital plane in space", said assistant professor Nirupam Roy of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.

BJP leader Sambit Patra slammed the party for the remark.

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