What is Nipah virus and are holidaymakers in India at risk?

Nipah death toll in India hits 12 as CEPI funds vaccine efforts

Spread of the virus to humans may occur after close contact with other Nipah infected people, infected bats, or infected pigs. The state health authorities without taking any chances have sent their samples to Pune for investigation. Nipah virus is detected at initial stages of diseases by Virus isolation attempts and real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from throat and nasal swabs, cerebrospinal fluid, urine, and blood should be performed in the early stages of disease.

He advised the people not to panic about the Nipah virus, and said all medical colleges in the state were prepared to deal with any eventuality.

The virus can cause a range of mild to severe disease in domestic animals such as pigs while in humans, the infection causes a range of clinical presentations, from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory infection and fatal encephalitis. Nipah virus has killed at least 11 people in the region, with at least 25 more hospitalised.

Along with Zika virus and Ebola virus, Nipah virus is also included on the priority list of emerging diseases in the world which can even cause the global pandemic, according to WorldHealth Organisation.

The Rajasthan government also issued an advisory on Saturday, asking people not to travel to affected parts of Kerala and for officials to maintain caution. The latest victim to the outbreak was 22-year-old Abin who was being treated at Baby Memorial Hospital in the city. "While the incubation period is long for some, on an average in 90 per cent of cases, the disease manifests itself within two weeks of exposure to the virus", Menon said.

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Fruit bats are in news due to Nipah virus first detected in Malaysia in 1998. Two persons in the neighboring state of Karnataka are also under observation.

The wellbeing body, in any case, has not issued a particular exhortation to nations that have not been influenced by the Nipah but rather has solicited them to upgrade the level from readiness.

Symptoms include 3 to 14 days of fever and headache, followed by drowsiness, disorientation and mental confusion.

According to CEPI statement today, through a separate agreement Emergent has an exclusive option to license and control development of Profectus' Nipah virus vaccine.

A worldwide coalition set up a year prior to battle plagues has struck a $25 million manage two U.S. biotech organizations to quicken take a shot at an immunization against the cerebrum harming Nipah infection. The WHO recommends avoiding contact with sick pigs or bats in endemic areas, as well as not drinking raw date palm sap as precautions against infection.

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