As deadline looms, Trump may punt fate of Iran deal to Congress

UN to Iran: Military sites must be monitored

Haley added if Trump chose to not certify Iran's compliance, then the president may leave the decision to Congress whether or not to reimpose sanctions.

In an address to the conservative American Enterprise Institute, Haley left little doubt that she would support a presidential finding next month that Iran is not complying with the deal. The International Atomic Energy Agency last week once again certified Iran was in compliance with the nuclear agreement that Tehran signed with six other countries, an agreement that officially goes under the snappy title Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

Haley, in a statement Thursday, said that if "inspections of Iranian military sites are 'merely a dream, ' then Iranian compliance ... is also a dream".

One reason for the unease about simply renouncing the deal is the united support for it among the United States' European allies as well as Russian Federation and China, whose backing for powerful sanctions against Iran were crucial in forcing Tehran to the negotiating table. The law provides an expedited process for Congress to re-impose sanctions.

With a double-sided report from the IAEA, the USA administration would have been able to force more sanctions on Iran by in fact announcing Iran in violation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), Vahid Ahmadi, who has served as member of the Parliament's National Security and Foreign Policy Commission, told Trend September 3.

Under U.S. law, she said, "We must consider not just the Iranian regime's technical violations of the JCPOA", referring to the Joint Comprehensive Plan for Action, the deal's formal name, but also its violation of United Nations resolutions and Iran's history of aggression. The key problem for the Trump administration's desire to withdraw from the JCPOA is simple: Iran is actually adhering to the terms of the deal. This is not about European security.

According to USA law passed after the nuclear deal, the president must certify every 90 days of Iran's compliance with the nuclear deal. That would be a first step toward a USA withdrawal and would trigger a 60-day congressional review that Haley said would be beneficial.

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Ms. Haley dismissed concerns about North Korea's reaction.

The remarks by Velayati came as Nikki Haley, Washington's ambassador to the United Nations, argued on Tuesday that Iran's technical compliance with the JCPOA alone isn't enough for the U.S.to stick with the pact.

The deal, reached in July 2015 and implemented in January 2016, essentially eased nuclear related sanctions in exchange for curbs on Iran's nuclear program, some of which expire after a few years.

Forcing Congress to take a politically hard vote on the Iran nuclear accord would be similar to the president's recent decision on whether to save an Obama administration program shielding the children of immigrants from deportation. "No, they don't want us to get out of the deal".

If Trump did trigger a congressional review this fall, it would come on top of a long list of must-do legislation. I wish I could say I did.

Haley is not advocating he decertify Iran's compliance, she said, but her one-hour presentation clearly laid out grounds for defending such an action. "We have to look at the reality that this deal is flawed".

Mark Dubowitz, chief executive of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, which has been pushing for precisely the decertification strategy Ms. Haley outlined, hailed the speech. Pointing out that this crisis can directly endanger Japan's national security, he stressed the major role of China on resolving the situation without the need for military options.

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