Support surges for smoking ban in tobacco country

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The Lancet study, which assessed the burden of the disease attributable to risk factors in 195 countries, found that China, led in the number of smokers and deaths while India stood second.

Brazil was among the leaders over the 25-year period examined, with the percentage of daily smokers dropping from 29 to 12 per cent among men, and from 19 to 8 per cent among women.

Chandler said that makes tobacco far more deadly than drug overdoses, which killed an estimated 1,200 people in 2015, or vehicle crashes, which kill about 800 people a year. These 6.4 million deaths which were attributed to smoking represent a 4.7% increase since 2005.

While Indonesia, Bangladesh and the Philippines did nothave significant reductions in male prevalence of dailysmoking since 1990, the Philippines, Germany, and India had nosignificant decreases in smoking among women. The UK cut its illicit cigarette market by half after introducing the "Tackling tobacco smuggling" strategy in year 2000. One in four men and one in 20 women worldwide smoke, although population growth has meant a rise in the number of smokers worldwide from 870 million in 1990 to 933 million in 2015.

"The USA, China and India, which were the leading three countries in total number of female smokers, accounted for only 27·3% of the worlds female smokers", it said.

These results suggest that the tobacco smoking epidemic is less geographically concentrated for women than for men, with implications that global efforts may need to be different to reach male smokers compared to female smokers. "So it is true globally that a lot fewer women smoke than men but there are some countries where it is a big problem for women", she said.

AFTER the deputy health minister announced his ministry's plans to increase tobacco tax, several statements mentioned that smokers will turn to illicit cigarettes, and that these cigarettes are more harmful than the legal ones.

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Smoking remains the number one cause of preventable death and disease in California. "There is little evidence that those who have never smoked cigarettes or never used other tobacco products and first try e-cigarettes will later move on to cigarette usage with great frequency or daily, regular smoking". "Nonetheless, much progress has been accomplished in the past 25 years".

For women, the change in daily smoking prevalence flipped from an alarming 1 percent yearly increase from 1990 to 2005, to a 2 percent decrease from 2005 to 2015.

Smoking is rarest in the lowest-income countries.

The ministry said the Convention Secretariat has structured a network of Knowledge Hubs that are able to assist in the implementation of many articles of the Convention.

"Success is possible but requires effective and aggressively enforced policies and laws", Gakidou said in a media release.

"There are some really worrisome findings - for example in Russian Federation female smoking has increased in the last 25 years significantly".

The study was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Bloomberg Philanthropies.

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